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Measures of Fujian Province on food security

Time: 15:13, April 1, 2019 Font display: large in Small Reading: one second

Measures for food security in Fujian Province, which was adopted at the 25th executive meeting of the provincial people's Government on February 26, 2019, is hereby promulgated and shall come into force as of the date of promulgation.

Governor Tang Dengjie

February 27, 2019

   Measures of Fujian Province on food security

general provisions

   Article 1 In order to ensure food security, ensure effective grain supply, standardize grain circulation order, promote the development of grain industry and maintain social security and stability, these measures are formulated in accordance with relevant laws and regulations and in combination with the actual situation of the province.

   Article 2 These Measures shall apply to the activities of grain production, circulation, reserve, emergency response, supervision and management within the administrative region of the province.

The term "grain" as mentioned in these Measures refers to cereals (rice, wheat, corn and other cereals) and their finished grains, beans and potatoes.

The term "food security" as mentioned in these Measures refers to the steady development of grain production, the basic balance between grain supply and demand, the basic stability of grain prices in the market, the basic satisfaction of the people's livelihood and social production for grain, and the food quality and safety conforming to the state regulations.

   Article 3 The people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with the requirements of the chief executive responsibility system for food security, assume the main responsibility for ensuring food security in their respective administrative areas, enhance the sustainable production capacity of grain, protect the enthusiasm of grain planting, enhance the grain reserve capacity, ensure the supply of grain market and ensure the quality and safety of grain.

The provincial people's Government shall regularly assess the responsibility system for food security of the Municipal People's government divided into districts, and the people's Government of a city divided into districts shall regularly assess the responsibility system for food security of the people's Government of the county (city, district) and implement an incentive and accountability mechanism.

   Article 4 The grain administrative departments of the people's governments at or above the county level are responsible for the administration and industry guidance of grain collection and storage, production and marketing cooperation, emergency control, construction and protection of warehousing and logistics facilities.

The departments of finance, natural resources, ecological environment, transportation, water conservancy, agriculture and rural areas, market supervision and management, statistics and other relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with their respective responsibilities, do a good job in the work related to food security in their respective administrative areas.

The township (town) people's governments and sub district offices shall, in accordance with their duties, do a good job in protecting cultivated land and promoting food production and other related work of food security.

   Article 5 We should encourage grain conservation, promote new technologies and equipment for grain saving and loss reduction, carry out publicity and education on cherishing and saving grain, advocate scientific consumption, and raise the awareness of food security of the whole society.

Grain operators should strengthen grain saving and loss reduction in the links of grain purchase, sales, storage, transportation and processing, improve the conditions for grain storage, increase the comprehensive utilization rate of grain, and effectively reduce grain losses.

The canteens of catering enterprises and units should strengthen the propaganda against the waste of grain and take measures to guide the saving of meals.

Citizens should enhance their awareness of grain conservation and develop healthy and economical food consumption habits.

   Article 6 Units and individuals that have made outstanding contributions to food security shall be commended and rewarded in accordance with relevant provisions.

   Chapter II production guarantee

   Article 7 The people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with the local conditions of soil, water resources and agro climatic resources, formulate Guiding Opinions on grain production, organize the construction and protection of rice production functional areas, improve the comprehensive grain production capacity and stabilize the grain sown area.

   Article 8 The people's governments at all levels shall implement the strictest farmland protection system, implement special protection for permanent basic farmland, strengthen coordinated monitoring of cultivated land and agricultural products, improve the basic conditions for grain production such as farmland fertility, construction of irrigation and water conservancy facilities, maintenance and maintenance, etc., so as to maintain the stable development of grain production.

   Article 9 The people's governments at or above the county level and their relevant departments shall take measures to strengthen the monitoring of the soil quality of grain producing areas and the quality of irrigation water, control the discharge of pollutants, strengthen the supervision of pollution sources and the production and application of pesticides, promote the safe use and rehabilitation of polluted cultivated land, and delimit the areas where grain planting is prohibited and implement the severe pollution Adjustment of planting structure of polluted farmland.

It is forbidden to discharge or dump toxic and harmful waste water, waste gas, waste residue and solid waste into grain production areas.

   Article 10 The people's governments at and above the county level and their relevant departments shall take measures to increase support for grain production, implement the policies of strengthening agriculture and benefiting agriculture, such as farmland productivity protection subsidies, increase financial support, promote green, high-quality and efficient grain production technologies, cultivate new grain production and operation entities such as large grain growers, family farms, and specialized grain production cooperatives, and implement appropriate measures Large scale operation can improve the comprehensive benefits of grain production.

It is necessary to set up a system of emergency grain reserves at the county and city levels, and to ensure that the grain reserves are included in the provincial and municipal level.

   Article 11 The people's governments at or above the county level and their relevant departments shall strengthen guidance and services to grain producers, encourage them to take agricultural tillage measures conducive to preventing soil pollution, guide grain producers to rationally use agricultural inputs such as pesticides, fertilizers and agricultural films, control the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, and promote the use of safe and efficient biological control technologies.

   Chapter III circulation guarantee

   Article 12 The people's governments at or above the county level shall cultivate and develop a unified and open grain market system with orderly competition, standardize the order of grain circulation and ensure the orderly circulation of grain.

   Article 13 The people's governments at or above the county level shall support the development of the grain industry, innovate the development mode, and promote the transformation and upgrading; support all kinds of grain business entities to establish stable production and marketing cooperative relations with major grain producing areas in various forms, and develop the grain industry economy.

The relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall give support to the project establishment, land use, technical transformation and capital of grain industry related projects, and shall give preferential treatment in terms of Taxation and power consumption in accordance with relevant provisions.

   Article 14 People's governments at or above the county level shall strengthen the construction and protection of grain circulation infrastructure, guide and support social forces to invest in the construction of grain circulation infrastructure such as grain wholesale markets, grain logistics processing parks, grain wharves, etc.

   Article 15 The grain administrative departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall publicize and implement the policies on grain purchase and quality price, set up reasonable grain purchasing outlets, adopt various ways to encourage and guide multiple market entities to enter the market for purchase; guide and support financial institutions to provide credit services for grain operators and organize the implementation of purchase funds.

   Article 16 Grain operators shall abide by the following provisions when purchasing grain:

(1) inform the grain sellers or publicize the varieties, quality standards and purchase prices of grain at the purchase sites;

(2) implement the national grain quality standards and price according to the quality, and shall not harm the interests of farmers and other grain producers;

(3) timely payment of grain sales funds to grain sellers;

(4) not to accept the entrustment of any organization or individual to withhold or pay any taxes, fees and other funds;

(5) to carry out inspection in accordance with the national quality and safety standards and the relevant provisions of the state to ensure the quality and safety of grain;

(6) the grains that do not meet the food safety standards shall be stored separately as non edible purposes;

(7) other provisions of laws, regulations and rules.

   Article 17 Grain operators shall abide by the following provisions when storing grain:

(1) the grain storage facilities used shall conform to the relevant standards and technical specifications;

(2) it is not allowed to mix grain with harmful substances that may cause pollution to it;

(3) the use of chemicals prohibited by the state or excessive use of chemical agents is not allowed;

(4) other provisions of laws, regulations and rules.

   Article 18 The operators, who are contaminated by the transportation technology of the state, shall not use the transportation technology of poisonous materials with the means of transportation of grain.

   Article 19 Grain operators engaged in ration processing shall have the processing conditions to ensure food safety and shall not engage in the following acts:

(1) using raw grains and by-products that do not meet the food safety standards for processing;

(2) using additives in violation of regulations;

(3) using packaging materials that do not meet the food safety standards;

(4) other acts in violation of laws, regulations and rules affecting food safety.

Grain operators engaged in grain ration processing shall check the product qualification certificate or grain quality and safety inspection report of the supplier when purchasing grain; for the grain that cannot provide the product qualification certificate or inspection report, it shall conduct inspection in accordance with the national grain quality and safety standards and relevant regulations, and establish a standing book.

   Article 20 Grain dealers shall implement the national food quality and safety standards in the sale of grain, and shall not be short in weight, adulterate with fake products, or replace inferior grain with high-quality ones, and shall not hoard for odd things, monopolize or manipulate grain prices or bully the market.

   Article 21 Grain under any of the following circumstances shall be prohibited from being sold as ration:

(1) the contents of mycotoxins, pesticide residues, heavy metals and other pollutants harmful to human health exceed the limits of food safety standards;

(2) mildew or abnormal color or smell;

(3) chemical agents are used during storage and are within the period of efficacy residue, or are mixed with residues of chemical agents and are not treated;

(4) being contaminated by packaging materials, containers, means of transport, etc., which do not meet the food safety standards;

(5) other laws, regulations and relevant provisions of the state clearly forbid them to be sold as rations.

If the grain mentioned in the preceding paragraph is sold for non edible purposes, the purpose shall be clearly marked in the sales certificate.

   Article 22 As for the grain prohibited to be sold as ration, the grain operator shall immediately stop the sale, recall the grain already sold and deal with it in accordance with relevant regulations, and report the recall and handling to the market supervision and administrative department and grain administrative department of the local people's government at the county level.

   Chapter IV reserve guarantee

   Article 23 The people's governments at or above the county level shall improve the local grain reserve system, implement the local grain reserve in full and in time according to the grain reserve scale determined by the provincial people's government, ensure that the quantity is true, the quality is good and the storage is safe, and guide and encourage the social grain storage.

The people's governments at or above the county level shall make overall plans to build grain storage facilities that match the local grain collection and storage tasks and meet the modern grain storage standards, popularize and apply advanced storage management technologies such as green grain storage and informatization and intelligence, and improve the management level.

   Article 24 Local grain reserves shall be responsible, reserved and managed at different levels by provinces, cities divided into districts and counties (cities and districts); the variety structure, collection, storage and rotation plan of local grain reserves shall be approved by the people's government at the corresponding level.

The approved plans for the collection, storage and rotation shall be assigned by the grain administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level in conjunction with the financial department to the local grain reserve enterprises, which shall be specifically organized and implemented by the enterprises.

We should encourage the innovation of Grain Reserve rotation mechanism, explore the dynamic management mode of Grain Reserve, and realize the regular storage and fresh storage of grain reserve.

   Article 25 No unit or individual may use local grain reserves without authorization. Under any of the following circumstances, it may be used with the approval of the local people's government at the corresponding level:

(1) there is an obvious shortage of grain supply in the market of the administrative region or there is abnormal fluctuation in the market grain price;

(2) in case of major natural disasters or other sudden public events, it is necessary to use the local grain reserves for emergency;

(3) other circumstances considered necessary by the people's government at or above the county level.

The people's government at a higher level may, in accordance with the grain regulation and emergency needs, direct the people's government at a lower level to use the local grain reserves.

   Article 26 The quality of local grain reserves shall conform to the national grain quality standards and food safety standards and meet the prescribed quality requirements.

When local grain reserves are purchased and put into storage or replaced or sold out of the warehouse, the storage undertaking enterprise shall entrust a specialized grain quality inspection institution to conduct quality appraisal. During the storage period, the quality inspection shall be conducted regularly in accordance with the provisions.

   Article 27 Enterprises that undertake to store local grain reserves should establish and improve the grain storage management system, strengthen the daily storage management, standardize the warehouse management behavior, improve the overall quality of grain security team and improve the level of warehouse management.

Key enterprises that undertake the storage of local grain reserves shall, in accordance with relevant regulations, install technical defense products or systems that meet the technical defense standards, reserve the interface for networking with the video image information sharing platform of public security organs, and connect the video image information resources to the platform according to the public security and networking sharing requirements.

   Article 28 The people's governments at all levels shall guide and support the social grain storage.

We will encourage and support grain enterprises engaged in purchasing, processing and wholesale sales, individual businesses engaged in wholesale sales, and large supermarkets selling grain to maintain a certain amount of grain inventory.

We will encourage and support large grain growers, family farms, and specialized grain production cooperatives to build storage facilities to store a certain amount of grain.

Canteens of state organs, schools, hospitals, large and medium-sized enterprises and households are encouraged to store a certain amount of rations according to their needs.

Under special circumstances, the grain administrative department of the provincial people's Government shall put forward the standards and the specific implementation time for the minimum and maximum inventory of grain enterprises, which shall be announced and implemented to the society after being approved by the provincial people's government.

   Chapter V emergency support

   Article 29 People's governments at or above the county level shall strengthen the early warning of grain production risks and the construction of disaster prevention and mitigation systems for grain production, and provide financial support for grain production losses caused by natural disasters through special funds, agricultural insurance and credit.

   Article 30 The people's governments at or above the county level shall establish an early warning mechanism for grain supply security. The grain administrative departments shall, together with relevant departments, conduct dynamic monitoring and analysis of the supply and demand situation of the grain market, timely release the information on the grain market, improve the statistical system for the investigation of grain production, circulation, processing and consumption, and take effective control and emergency safeguard measures in a timely manner to ensure the supply and price of grain stable.

   Article 31 The people's governments at or above the county level shall establish a grain risk fund, strengthen the supervision and management of the grain risk fund, and prevent misappropriation, interception and misappropriation; the measures for the management of the grain risk fund shall be formulated by the financial department of the provincial people's Government in conjunction with the grain administration and other departments.

   Article 32 The people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with the actual situation, formulate emergency plans for grain security in their respective administrative regions, establish and improve the command mechanism for grain emergency work, and uniformly organize and coordinate the grain emergency work within their respective administrative regions.

The grain administrative departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall implement emergency grain sources, emergency processing points, emergency supply points and emergency transportation points, and organize and carry out grain emergency drills and training.

   Article 33 The people's governments at or above the county level shall take measures to ensure that the local food emergency processing capacity is matched with the grain ration supply.

The central grain depot of local grain storage enterprises can be equipped with grain processing workshops to meet the needs of emergency processing.

   Article 34 When the supply and demand of the grain market fluctuates abnormally due to major natural disasters, major epidemic situations or other emergencies, the grain administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level shall report to the people's government at the same level for decision, start the grain emergency plan in time according to the prescribed procedures, and report to the people's government at a higher level.

   Article 35 After the initiation of the grain emergency plan, the relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall perform their duties in accordance with the requirements and take corresponding measures in a timely manner to increase market supply, stabilize grain prices and ensure grain supply.

Grain business operators shall, in accordance with the requirements of the grain emergency plan, undertake the grain emergency task, obey the arrangement and scheduling, and ensure the needs of emergency work; in case of losses due to grain emergency tasks, they shall be compensated according to law.

   Article 36 The people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the food supply and security work of the garrison within their respective administrative areas, promote the integrated development of military grain supply and civil military, implement various guarantee measures, give priority to the guarantee of military food supply, and enhance the ability of emergency supply of military food.

   Chapter VI Supervision guarantee

   Article 37 The grain administrative departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with law, supervise and manage the purchase, storage, transportation, processing and sale of policy grain, and sale of raw grain.

The agricultural and rural, natural resources, ecological environment and market supervision and management departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with law, supervise and manage the implementation of the system for the protection of the comprehensive grain production capacity and the grain operation and other related activities.

   Article 38 The relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall strengthen the supervision of grain quality and safety, establish a food quality and safety traceability system and a long-term mechanism for the disposal of over standard grain, strengthen the monitoring of regional grain pollution, and do a good job in tracking and supervision of contaminated grain. The grain that does not meet the food safety standards shall be disposed of in accordance with the relevant provisions and prohibited from entering the ration market.

   Article 39 The grain administrative departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall improve the grain inventory inspection system and, in conjunction with the relevant departments, inspect the quantity, quality, storage safety, policy subsidies and loans for grain reserves.

   Article 40 The people's governments at or above the county level and their relevant departments shall strengthen the capacity-building of grain quality and safety monitoring and be equipped with equipment for grain quality and safety inspection and law enforcement; the necessary and reasonable expenses for carrying out the inspection and monitoring of grain quality and safety shall be included in the financial budget of the same level.

   Article 41 The grain quality and safety supervisors shall perform their duties in accordance with the law and shall not affect the normal business activities of the inspected objects.

No unit or individual may refuse, obstruct or interfere with the performance of duties by supervisors in accordance with the law.

   Article 42 The people's governments at or above the county level shall speed up the construction of the credit system for grain business enterprises, and establish and improve the joint incentive system for keeping promises and joint punishment system for dishonesty.

   Article 43 Any unit or individual shall have the right to report to the relevant departments any act in violation of the provisions of these measures. The relevant departments shall keep the informants confidential and deal with them in time according to law.

   Chapter VII Legal Liability

   Article 44 If there are provisions on punishment in laws and administrative regulations for acts violating the provisions of these measures, such provisions shall prevail.

   Article 45 If the people's government at or above the county level violates the provisions of these measures and has one of the following circumstances, the people's government at the higher level shall order it to make corrections, circulate a notice of criticism, and punish the relevant responsible personnel according to law; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law:

(1) failing to take measures to protect permanent basic farmland;

(2) failing to fully implement local grain reserves;

(3) the grain risk fund is unable to guarantee the expenditure on grain reserves;

(4) misappropriating, retaining or misappropriating grain risk funds and other special food security funds;

(5) other acts of favoritism, dereliction of duty and abuse of power.

   Article 46 If the grain administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level or any other relevant department or its staff member violates the provisions of these measures and has one of the following circumstances, the people's government at the same level or the relevant department of the people's government at a higher level shall order it to make corrections, circulate a notice of criticism, and punish the relevant responsible personnel according to law; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law:

(1) failing to perform the duties of supervision, inspection and safety supervision in accordance with the provisions;

(2) failing to timely issue plans for purchasing and storing local grain reserves in accordance with regulations, resulting in the failure to implement the scale of local grain reserves;

(3) failing to issue the local grain reserve rotation plan in time in accordance with the provisions, resulting in moldy and deteriorated local grain reserves; and;

(4) failing to start the grain emergency plan in accordance with the provisions;

(5) failing to take effective measures in time after the initiation of the grain emergency plan in accordance with the provisions, resulting in abnormal fluctuations in grain prices, grain rush purchase and other serious consequences;

(6) other acts of favoritism, dereliction of duty and abuse of power.

   Article 47 If a grain operator violates the provisions of these measures and has one of the following circumstances, the grain administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level or other relevant departments shall order it to make corrections; if it fails to make corrections within the time limit, it shall be fined not less than 10000 yuan but not more than 30000 yuan; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law:

(1) failing to purchase grain in accordance with regulations;

(2) failing to store grain in accordance with regulations;

(3) failing to transport grain in accordance with regulations;

(4) failing to process rations in accordance with regulations;

(5) sales of grain prohibited as rations.

   Article 48 If a grain business operator, in violation of the provisions of these measures, refuses to undertake or delays in undertaking grain emergency tasks without proper reasons, the grain administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level shall order it to make corrections; if it fails to make corrections within the time limit, it shall be fined not less than 100000 yuan but not more than 200000 yuan; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

   Chapter VIII supplementary provisions

   Article 49 The purchase, sale, storage, transportation, processing, import and export of oil and edible vegetable oil shall refer to these measures.

   Article 50 These Measures shall come into force as of the date of promulgation.

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